Saturday, 12 August 2017

SUPPORT THE UNIQUE GLOBAL MISSION OF THE ALL-INDIGENOUS VOLUNTEER FOREIGN LEGION OF THE INDIGENOUS DEMOCRACY DEFENCE ORGANIZATION/IDDO - BY SIMPLY SHARING THIS POST ON SOCIAL MEDIA











SUPPORT THE UNIQUE GLOBAL MISSION OF THE ALL-INDIGENOUS VOLUNTEER FOREIGN LEGION OF THE INDIGENOUS DEMOCRACY DEFENCE ORGANIZATION/IDDO - BY SIMPLY SHARING THIS POST ON SOCIAL MEDIA
Photos from our just concluded first international deployment in Central America:
Indigenous males & females of all ages who requested training were granted it, some children as young as 6 years old.....for children die in war just as much as adults, and females die just as often as males, so no discrimination must be permitted when it comes to community defence, EVERY member of a tribe must know how to defend him/herself AND their people.
COMMUNITY SELF DEFENCE TACTICS, NATURAL ENERGY HEALING, AND FREE LESSONS IN CONVERSATIONAL ENGLISH WERE DONE OVER A FOUR DAY PERIOD BY JUST TWO IDDO FOREIGN LEGION VOLUNTEERS - THE HEAD OF THE IDDO ORGANIZATION (Damon Gerard Corrie from Barbados island in the Caribbean) & LOCAL IDDO-FOREIGN LEGION TRIBAL COMMUNITY MEMBER (whom he previously trained) WHO WILL BE A PERMANENT PRESENCE IN THE COMMUNITY TO CONTINUE THE SELF-DEFENCE PROGRAM INDEFINITELY.

MISSION #1 ACCOMPLISHED
This Amerindian community in Central America was attacked before, it was defenceless then, now they are better prepared to defend themselves thanks to the 1st deployment of the Foreign Legion Volunteer Force of the Indigenous Democracy Defence Organization/IDDO. Weapons, ammunition & uniforms (which are legally obtained in the host country) used in training are always donated to the community - if the community could not provide such for itself.
Since it was the first mission I volunteered to do it myself, I cannot expect to lead from the back, if I am to expect others to be willing to volunteer and risk their lives to help indigenous peoples in need - I must set the best example and practice what I preach.
I also did 4 Reiki sessions for 4 different tribal members, 2 middle-aged men, 1 middle-aged woman and one 14 year old girl, and I conducted free 4 hour English lesson classes to any in the tribe who wanted to learn conversational English.
Our INDIGENOUS worldwide Foreign Legion is not purely martial, our volunteers are teachers, doctors, nurses, carpenters, masons etc, whatever the host community that invites our presence requires most.
HOWEVER, all volunteers MUST be willing to accept the risk that their lives could be lost in fulfilling their missions, so they must ALL know/learn how to use weapons to help defend themselves and the people they are assisting.....you might be teaching English to Yezidi children in Iraq - and ISIS terrorists might attack again....what are you going to do? Get mercilessly slaughtered with them like a sheep? Or pick up a weapon and help to defend them?
I do not want any slack-jawed cowards in this force, that is why I have complete control over it, only brave souls who are not afraid to do whatever is required of them will be allowed to join.
We now have a permanent local Foreign Legion (officer rank) Member presence in Central America and in one Asian country....and our first successful International deployment under our belt.
Not bad for an idea that came to me (to create this force myself) just 4 months ago.
Now when I say the Caribbean has never produced an indigenous leader like me - my enemies say I am boasting, when in fact I am just stating the cold hard facts.. what other regional indigenous leaders have not even thought about doing yet - or are still only dreaming about (or fear to say & do) ...I am already saying and doing...and not just in the Caribbean either, my reach is global now.... I belong to whichever indigenous people on the face of the Earth ask for - and appreciate how I can help them...what have ALL our other leaders ever achieved on any comparable scale? Is it my fault that I have a sense of fulfilling a greater destiny than my enemies do? He who says it cannot be done - is usually proven wrong by he who says no-one can stop him from doing it.

MOHAWKS DECLARE "THERE CAN BE NO PEACE IN A CLIMATE OF FEAR!" - IN RESPONSE TO NEW WAVE OF QUEBECOIS RACISM AGAINST NATIVE PEOPLES
















August 12, 2017

Kanehsatà:ke Kanien’kehá:ka Territory

By the Kanien’kehá:ka of Kanehsatà:ke “There can be no Peace in a climate of FEAR” RE: Defense of our Ancestral Lands: the Long Standing Historical Land Grievances Against Canada, Quebec: fraudulent sales of our ancestral lands, housing and resource development, theft of our artifacts in Oka National Park; We the Kanien’kehá:ka of Kanehsatà:ke, the legitimate land holders of this territory gather here today to reiterate our opposition to all forms of development on our ancestral homelands. Guided by our constitution, Kaianera’kó:wa, we gather today to protect our lands and resources while standing united with other Onkwehón:we - Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island who are also experiencing land theft and dispossession through illegal developments upon their homelands.

Our goal has always been and will always be a Peaceful co-existence with all peoples but this is unattainable in a climate of fear and racism.

The desire for peace must be reciprocal based upon mutual respect, honesty and human rights, if it is to be achieved. Kaianera’kó:wa – the Great Law of Peace, gives guidance and strength to the people whereby it is the duty of the women to protect our lands while compelling the men of our nation to protect the people and ensure that no foreign entity brings harm to the important work the people do on behalf of the land, all our relations – to ensure that present and future generations enjoy the richness of our lands and its resources.

We have waited for centuries for a resolution to this injustice and land fraud. But Canada has hidden behind invalid and discriminatory racist Doctrines1 that justified their oppression and genocide of Onkwehón:we Peoples. These legal fictions impeded the peaceful resolution of our land grievances in1990 and are the foundations of the further impoverishment of the Kanien’kehá:ka of Kanehsatà:ke’s land base in the past 27 years.

Canada and Quebec, in particular Oka have not learned from its past mistakes. The current situation of illegal development on our ancestral lands is intolerable and we can no longer endure the exploitation and theft of our lands and resources committed through coercive means by colonial governments and entities.

We will not accept the 1 United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples: pre-ambular para 4: “…all doctrines, policies and practices based on or advocating superiority of peoples or individuals on the basis of national origin or racial, religious, ethnic or cultural differences are racist, scientifically false, legally invalid, morally condemnable and socially unjust.” stalling by Canada and Quebec through vague statements feigning that they are attempting to resolving and halting the development on our territory.

History has shown that mere promises and nice words from the colonial governments are dubious at best.

On August 9th , we were informed by representatives of INAC that Minister Bennett reached out to Quebec government representatives to discuss the issue of illegal development. However, no details were disclosed as to whether or not Canada and Quebec were willing to proceed in halting the illegal development. Therefore we will continue our concerted efforts to occupy and protect our ancestral homelands on this illegal development site located on our ancestral lands. As the first UN Special Rapporteur on the rights of Indigenous peoples, Rudolpho Stavenhagen stated in his January 2004 report: “One of the more serious human rights protection deficiencies in recent years is the trend towards the use of laws and the justice system to penalize and criminalize social protest activities and legitimate demands made by Indigenous organizations and movements in defence of their rights.”

 The Kanien’kehá:ka of Kanehsatà:ke have for 300 years have had our sovereignty usurped by colonial governments, criminalizing a whole nation for defending our lands from appropriation. For over 300 years, we have been denied access to and the enjoyment of our lands, our fundamental human rights violated through racist colonial laws. It is time to decolonize the relationship we have with settlers and learn from the past.

We therefore urge Canadians and Quebecois to pressure their governments to resolve this issue peacefully and for their governments to take responsibility for the creation of this conflict. The following are necessary factors for the addressing our long standing historical land grievances and for the promotion of peace in Kanehsatà:ke. However, this is not a comprehensive list of our historical grievances:

 We demand an immediate cessation to all activities on the illegal development site, especially the construction of any further buildings, infrastructure including water, sewage, road signs, and other related activities

 We demand Canada and Quebec immediately halt the land fraud that has allowed speculators like Gregoire Gollin and Collines d’Oka to appropriate more land for their interests. 2 Rudolfo Stavenhagen, Report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights and fundamental freedoms of Indigenous people (E/CN.4/2004/80), COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS, Sixtieth session, Item 15 of the provisional agenda, 26 January 2004, para.44

 We demand an immediate cessation of all development in the MRC’s “plan d’urbanization” that allows all forms of development in Oka, St. Joseph, PointeCalumet, Pointes-Aux-Anglais and other municipalities on our ancestral territory.

 We demand an immediate halt to all archeological digs presently taking place every Saturday in Kahnetà:ke, known as Parc Nationale d’Oka: we demand to know what artifacts have been discovered, where they are housed and that the Kanien’kehá:ka of Kanehsatà:ke have access to our cultural heritage currently in Quebec’s possession;

 We oppose TransCanada and Enbridge pipelines which have been constructed in our ancestral settlement now known as Oka Park and on other parts of our ancestral territory.

 We demand that Prime Minister Trudeau repeal Bill S-24 “the Kanesatake Interim Land Management Act” that has added to the complexity of our land grievances and was curiously fast tracked through the Senate.

 We demand Canada and Quebec repudiate the Doctrine of Discovery and Terra Nullius that has impoverished Indigenous peoples and impeded resolution to land theft, dispossession and appropriation.

 We demand compensation from the Seminary of St.-Sulpice, located in Montreal, Quebec for the hardship they have inflicted upon the Kanien’kehá:ka of Kanehsatà:ke for their coercive acts of land theft of the last 300 years

 We oppose the implementation of the Aqueduct system in our community, while the Municpalitié d’Oka receives a new water system paid for by INAC

 We demand that the resolution to our long standing historical land dispute with Canada and all Crown Actors, be with the Kanien’kehá:ka of Kanehsatà:ke under the Haudenosaunee Confederacy

Our lands are vast, rich in minerals and ideal for agricultural activities; we fully understand the great ‘economical’ value it holds for the colonizers. However, as the Kanien’kehá:ka of Kanehsatà:ke our work in this struggle is for present and future generations enjoyment of our lands, its resources and the enjoyment of our rights to self-determination.

Skén:nen – in peace The Kanien’kehá:ka of Kanehsatà:ke

.......................................................................................................................

NB - The Mohawk case on Oka has a deeper meaning for me, as a 17 year old boy in 1990 when the Oka crisis dominated the nightly news even in my Caribbean Island of Barbados, I felt angry and frustrated and worked to save up enough money to buy a plane ticket from Barbados to Toronto, then made my way as far as Akwesasne to Francis Boots House (but only his wife was there and she let me stay the night in a guest room), because even though I am of the Lokono-Arawak tribe - I wanted to join the Mohawk Warrior Society and be on the front lines with my Mohawk cousins...but the RCMP near Akwesasne took me into custody and repatriated me to my country as I was an underaged minor.   Damon Gerard Corrie

Wednesday, 28 June 2017

PATRICE LUMUMBA - GREATEST POLITICAL LEADER THE CONGO EVER HAD...MURDERED ON ORDERS OF THE USA & BELGIAN GOVERNMENTS



He DARED to try to ensure that the mineral wealth of his country would be controlled by his people not rich foreigners - and was MURDERED by orders from the USA & Belgian Governments.
I see this and I feel that in his mind, in this instant, he is thinking about how he tried to do what is best for his people... and a handful of evil men in cities far away were able to turn his own people against him with their lies and their money....
Only the good die young they say, but I say only those who are a threat to the system of evil that runs this world die young - before they have a chance to fully succeed.

..............................................................................................................................
HISTORICAL NOTE  :
Patrice Lumumba, the first legally elected prime minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), was assassinated on 17 January, 1961. This heinous crime was a culmination of two inter-related assassination plots by American and Belgian governments, which used Congolese accomplices and a Belgian execution squad to carry out the deed.
Ludo De Witte, the Belgian author of the best book on this crime, qualifies it as "the most important assassination of the 20th century". The assassination's historical importance lies in a multitude of factors, the most pertinent being the global context in which it took place, its impact on Congolese politics since then and Lumumba's overall legacy as a nationalist leader.
For 126 years, the US and Belgium have played key roles in shaping Congo's destiny. In April 1884, seven months before the Berlin Congress, the US became the first country in the world to recognise the claims of King Leopold II of the Belgians to the territories of the Congo Basin.
When the atrocities related to brutal economic exploitation in Leopold's Congo Free State resulted in millions of fatalities, the US joined other world powers to force Belgium to take over the country as a regular colony. And it was during the colonial period that the US acquired a strategic stake in the enormous natural wealth of the Congo, following its use of the uranium from Congolese mines to manufacture the first atomic weapons, the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombs.
With the outbreak of the cold war, it was inevitable that the US and its western allies would not be prepared to let Africans have effective control over strategic raw materials, lest these fall in the hands of their enemies in the Soviet camp. It is in this regard that Patrice Lumumba's determination to achieve genuine independence and to have full control over Congo's resources in order to utilise them to improve the living conditions of our people was perceived as a threat to western interests. To fight him, the US and Belgium used all the tools and resources at their disposal, including the United Nations secretariat, under Dag Hammarskjöld and Ralph Bunche, to buy the support of Lumumba's Congolese rivals , and hired killers.
In Congo, Lumumba's assassination is rightly viewed as the country's original sin. Coming less than seven months after independence (on 30 June, 1960), it was a stumbling block to the ideals of national unity, economic independence and pan-African solidarity that Lumumba had championed, as well as a shattering blow to the hopes of millions of Congolese for freedom and material prosperity.
The assassination took place at a time when the country had fallen under four separate governments: the central government in Kinshasa (then Léopoldville); a rival central government by Lumumba's followers in Kisangani (then Stanleyville); and the secessionist regimes in the mineral-rich provinces of Katanga and South Kasai. Since Lumumba's physical elimination had removed what the west saw as the major threat to their interests in the Congo, internationally-led efforts were undertaken to restore the authority of the moderate and pro-western regime in Kinshasa over the entire country. These resulted in ending the Lumumbist regime in Kisangani in August 1961, the secession of South Kasai in September 1962, and the Katanga secession in January 1963.
No sooner did this unification process end than a radical social movement for a "second independence" arose to challenge the neocolonial state and its pro-western leadership. This mass movement of peasants, workers, the urban unemployed, students and lower civil servants found an eager leadership among Lumumba's lieutenants, most of whom had regrouped to establish a National Liberation Council (CNL) in October 1963 in Brazzaville, across the Congo river from Kinshasa. The strengths and weaknesses of this movement may serve as a way of gauging the overall legacy of Patrice Lumumba for Congo and Africa as a whole.
The most positive aspect of this legacy was manifest in the selfless devotion of Pierre Mulele to radical change for purposes of meeting the deepest aspirations of the Congolese people for democracy and social progress. On the other hand, the CNL leadership, which included Christophe Gbenye and Laurent-Désiré Kabila, was more interested in power and its attendant privileges than in the people's welfare. This is Lumumbism in words rather than in deeds. As president three decades later, Laurent Kabila did little to move from words to deeds.

From 
Georges Nzongola-Ntalaja is professor of African and Afro-American studies at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and author of The Congo from Leopold to Kabila: A People's History

Friday, 23 June 2017

TRUTH ABOUT THE BRITISH ROYALS ROLE IN WORLD WAR 2 YOU ARE NEVER TOLD ABOUT



EVER WONDER WHY ONLY POOR AREAS GOT BOMBED IN THE WAR? PALACES & RICH AREAS WERE UNTOUCHED...THINK THAT WAS A CO-INCIDENCE? DURING EVERY FINANCIAL CRISIS OR GLOBAL MELTDOWN - WHY DO THE ROYALS COME OUT EVER WEALTHIER? THE EU PARLIAMENT IS A FARCE OWNED BY THE GLOBALIST CORPORATOCRACY...NOT SOME 'NOBLE' INSTITUTION CREATED TO MAKE THE WORLD A BETTER PLACE....JUST A MORE EASILY CONTROLLED PLACE.  


QUEEN VICTORIA'S grandchildren all married each other, and many of her children were psychopaths. One of her favourite grandchildren was Prince Carl Eduard Coburg who attended Eton and was a British Prince who was a member of the Order of the Garter. He was sent to Germany and installed as a General in the armed forces, and he then set about conscripting the youngest and fittest of German society who he then commanded and killed on battlefields of the First World War. It was Prince Carl Eduard Coburg and his uncle, the Kaiser, who caused millions of people to be gassed and murdered between 1914-1918. On the other side of the first world war battlefields was his cousin - King George V - commanding the British troops and overseeing the first use of Chemical Weapons such as Mustard Gas and Chlorine bombs. Both these men were British Royals, educated at the British tax payers' expense, both these men were directly related to Queen Victoria, they were both psychopaths… They were both members of the Order of the Garter. They were both raised at Buckingham Palace.

Within just 19 years of the end of the first world war, the 'Third Reich' had been invented, and a former victim of a mustard gas attack, Adolf Hitler was employed by Prince Carl Eduard Coburg to be the front-man in the second world war. Heinrich Himmler was the 2nd in command, and the god-son of Prince Heinrich of Bavaria - but the main psychopath in charge of operations was Prince Carl Eduard Coburg. The Duke of Edinburgh's sisters married senior NAZI officers who were Princes and also descendants of Queen Victoria. This incestuous cabal of kings, princes and dukes then stage-managed and funded the NAZI party and are responsible for killing 45 million+ people.

The sheer scale and audacity of this psychopathic master-plan shocked Hitler, who said "Today I met the Antichrist - he was cruel and intrepid and he frightened me!" following his meeting with the British Prince Carl Eduard Coburg. Much of what I have just written has been deliberately airbrushed from the history books. The E.U. undemocratic superstate government is the end-game in this master-plan, devised and funded by royal psychopaths. No wonder Buckingham Palace have not uttered a word about how British people's rights have been taken away bit-by-bit by the E.U. - the E.U. is their long-term plan - to grab and control the ancient nations of Europe, to mortally inflict high rates of VAT on all small businesses, and to engineer yet more wars where the 'peasants' can be culled by 'dying on the battlefields to defend the right of the very people who loathe them to keep being the parasites of global humanity.

WATCH VIDEO EVIDENCE HERE:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gL55GOmd2H8




Monday, 5 June 2017

MIKAELA JADE - BEAUTIFUL ABORIGINAL DAUGHTER OF THE DREAMTIME WHO IS A BRIDGE BETWEEN WORLDS



 Above and below - MIkaela Jade in the United Nations General Assembly Hall (where all the Heads of State of the world address humanity) for the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues 14th Session in 2015 with some of her beautiful indigenous sisters who did the Tribal Link Project Access training course with her
From left to right - Nwe Oo (Burma), Mikaela, Angie Abdilla (Tasmania), Yamila Callisaya (Peru), Tai Pellicier (Boriken/Puerto Rico) & Monica Ponton Arrington (USA) 


Mikaela on 9th February 2015 at a celebration of Australia's top 25 Indigenous entrepreneurs with the Prime Minister of Australia, and she was selected by the Country & Style Magazine as #24 of the 50 people who made a difference in Australia in 2015, see following the photos below:




I had the priviledge to meet Mikaela Jade in 2015 for the first time in New York City in April 2015, it was at the unique and widely recognised & hailed (for it's meritorious value) Tribal Link Foundation - Project Access, United Nations Training program for the Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues (UNPFII); 14th session. She was just entering as a first year student, and I was returning as a past alumni and co-mentor for the 1st & 2nd year students.

This pre UNPFII training course is still conducted by respected Indigenous Rights Expert Andrea Carmen - of the International Indian Treaty Council/IITC, but is presently co-mentored by Ghazali Ohorella (Alifaru), Damon Corrie (Lokono-Arawak), Tai Pellicier (Taino-Arawak), and Victor Anthony Carmen Lopez (Yaqui & Lakota).

Mikaela has a soft-spoken, very sweet demeanour - as one encounters whenever one is fortunate to meet a true human being, full of love and compassion for everyone and everything around her. 
She gets a twinkle in her eyes when she speaks about her beautiful pre-teen daughters, and the dreams and spiritual experiences they all share with each other.

However, she is no mere pretty face, Mikaela possesses a dazzling intellect, far beyond the average person when it comes to understanding the double edged sword that modern high technology offers to mankind...if I were running a country - she would be my FIRST Choice as minister of Technology - she is THAT qualified in my opinion, I daresay she likely knows MORE about this genre than any Government official political appointee anywhere in the world functioning in this capacity!  She's the expert the experts go to and learn something new LOL. 

I say so in all honestly because she brings to the table something of VITAL importance that no other University graduate does,...a DEEP spiritual understanding of the dynamics at play within the technological pandoras box before us....and you can't learn that at ANY University. 

Whenever I think of her I miss our long conversations, it was like a loving schooling for me, one where I could excitedly grasp concepts that previously bored me to death - or else seemed remote and irrelevant to me personally,...and I could seamlessly drift between a waking dream time insight - and an empirical present physical reality revelation, and I loved that about her....of course her otherworldly charm and a flexibly keen sense of humour - that meshed very well with mine, became the icing on the proverbial cake for me.

Like so many others of the 16-20 annually globally selected indigenous graduates of the Tribal Link Foundation's Project Access Pre-UNPFII training program, Mikaela's star continues to rise and the future holds much that the keen observer of the high calibre of students this program graduates annually (like Mikaela), will continue to be amazed at....for these students tend to all go on to bigger and better things - and become assets to the worldwide collective who are pushing forward the wheel of  history in the indigenous rights & significant achievements arena. 

Mikaela at a wonderful side event on 13th May 2016 UNDP New York Headquarters, about the ethical digitalisation of cultural resources. 


Mikaela recently made it on the front page of The Australian and The Deal.


    When Mikaela was a Park Ranger in Kakadu National Park, now she is the Manager Community and Visitor Programs for ACT Parks and Conservation Service. 



MIKAELA FEATURED IN VOGUE MAGAZINE FOR HER APP INVENTION USING AUGMENTED REALITY TO PRESERVE INDIGENOUS STORYTELING
http://www.vogue.com.au/vogue+codes/news/this+tech+ceo+and+vogue+codes+alumni+has+an+app+that+brings+indigenous+storytelling+to+life+with+your+phone,43046


Mikaela Jade is also a Commissioner on the Indigenous Democracy Defence Organization /IDDO
https://www.facebook.com/IndigenousDemocracyDefenseOrganization/

MIKAELA WARNED US ABOUT PASSIVE DATA COLLECTION AT THE UN IN 2015 - AT A TIME WHEN IT WAS VIRTUALLY UNKNOWN TO THE GENERAL PUBLIC
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YTC8VQN29-0

Saturday, 3 June 2017

THOSE ÍLLEGAL MEXICAN IMMIGRANTS' TECHNICALLY HAVE MORE OF AN ANCESTRAL LEGAL RIGHT TO LIVE IN THE USA THAN THE AVERAGE AMERICAN THINKS




This is why you need to educate yourself before you jump on the 'Get the illegal Mexican Immigrants out of the USA' bandwagon.

You should be aware that the US States of ARIZONA, CALIFORNIA, NEW MEXICO, UTAH, NEVADA AND ALMOST HALF OF COLORADO WERE PART OF MEXICO BEFORE AMERICA INVADED AND TOOK THEM FOR ITSELF, and these happen to be the states where most of the so-called
'illegal Mexican Immigrants'' live....so technically they literally have more ancestral legal right to continue to live there than white 'Full-blooded/All-Americans' (as these European settler & colonist descendants like to call themselves).

But forget that for now, in the 1930's 400,000 Mexicans - and Mexican-Americans born in the USA - were deported from America - from these same former Mexican States mainly 
 - during the Great Depression in another classic 'Scapegoat'' excuse for America's woes...now I wonder how many of the descendants of those 400,0000  (which would be several million persons today) are among those the American government wants to round up and deport again?  Any educated guesses? Or just more uneducated racist vitriol ?
To use the argument that a few hundred Mexican criminals commit crimes in the USA each year to justify the deportation of MILLIONS of normal Mexicans (who tend to do jobs no American wants to do anyway), is just as ignorant as if the government of Thailand were to deport all white men from their country - because hundreds of white men go there every year to commit the crime of having sex with children (which is a known crime fact).

Do you see now how ignorant it sounds when the broad brush of ''POLYTRICKS'' is used to negatively collectively paint your own race?
Furthermore, any person with Native American DNA (as most Mexicans have) has more ancestral right to live in this entire Hemisphere than ANYONE who does not have the DNA of Native Americans in them...and for those truly uneducated - the words Amerindian/American indian/Native American
ALL REFER TO THE SAME ORIGINAL PEOPLES OF NORTH AMERICA, CENTRAL AMERICA, SOUTH AMERICA & THE CARIBBEAN.

AMERICA DEPORTED 400,000 MEXICANS & MEXICAN AMERICANS IN THE GREAT DEPRESSION OF THe 1930's  

Wednesday, 31 May 2017

PROUD DAUGHTER OF THE GITXAN NATION SPEAKS ABOUT ATROCITIES MOST NON-NATIVE CANADIANS PREFER TO IGNORE OR DENY - IN THEIR REFUSAL TO FACE THE TRUTH




              Above -  Amanda Vick of the Gitxan First Nation of Canada at the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues (UNPFII) 16th Session, 24th April - 5th May 2017


Amanda Vick has a 'serious beauty' about her, you can sense that she is a no-nonsense person, incorruptibly committed to holding the great mirror of injustice and double standards up to the collective faces of the dominant (I say 'domineering') non-indigenous majority of the Neo-Colonial state known as Canada, lets not play semantic games..for technically ALL the Political Nation States of the Western Hemisphere (with the possible sole exception of Bolivia) are either Colonial - or Neo Colonial regimes - to greater or lesser degrees, they are all arcane origin imitation European social models where a privileged few reign supremely as untouchables - over  the vast majority whom they disdainfully  consider to be 'their subjects''...and despite International Human Rights Laws and conventions being EXPLICITLY CLEAR on this matter - these Neo-Colonial & Colonial mentality persons live in perpetual denial...never wanting to admit that they actually have NO legitimate right to deny/usurp/suppress  the very REAL and LEGITIMATE Sovereign status of ALL the indigenous Nations of the ''Americas''....only the lingering Colonial era egotistical racist spiritual cancer that has consumed much of their being keeps the non-indigenous majority blind to this FACT.

It would be almost comical - were it not such a gross continuing violation of human rights, to hear them (non-indigenous settler societies) talk about their '''right' to have (and govern) a political Nation-state erected ON the lands of other peoples who were & still ARE the de-facto landlords - whom their ancestors invaded, murdered and stole from in the first place ....but then think that the landlords do not have a GREATER legal right to actually have and Govern THEIR OWN LANDS than the thieves and heirs of historical criminal enterprises who still illegally rule over them!
At the very LEGAL MINIMUM least - you have to accept that we too have every right to have our own indigenous Political Nation-States with  seats in the United Nations alongside yours, that is just the legal reality you are going to have to accept one day, as we are never going to stop fighting to regain what we have a birthright to as equal human beings.
Amanda is just one of our unsilenceable voices, but we have many, and we are getting louder every year.

It was indeed an honor and privilege for me to have met her and been allowed through Amanda - to hear the voice of native victims of the residential school nightmare - as has happened to her many family member survivors. But that was not all I learned from Amanda...that infamous Highway of Tears in Canada happens to run through Gitxan territory, 18 women murdered - most of them Gitxan women - over a 40 year time period...but the most hurtful part is this...the Canadian Government and local authorities only erected signs on the Highway for the white Canadian victims....this reveals the lingering racism in Canada that their projected public global 'good guy' image does NOT reveal...the majority of native girls lives lost are somehow 'not as important' to dominant white Canadian society.
The SHOCKING National Canadian statistics for missing/murdered women is 4200, and 80% of those victims are native Canadians...the vast majority of cases remain unsolved to this day.

Amanda was in New York attending the 16th Session of the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues at UN Headquarters, and she received a pre-UNPFII training course taught by  respected Indigenous Rights expert Andrea Carmen of the International Indian Treaty Council/IITC, and co-mentored by Ghazali Ohorella (Alifaru), Damon Corrie (Lokono-Arawak), Tai Pellicier (Taino-Arawak), and Victor Anthony Lopez-Carmen (Yaqui & Lakota).

In the raw un-edited video clips below, our beautiful indigenous sister Amanda Vick of the Gitxan Tribal Nation of Canada, speaks briefly about the fact that the despicable Residential School system in Canada, and about the Alcoholism crisis that was ALSO deliberately created (as a self-perpetuating tool for indigenous cultural destruction) by non-indigenous colonizers who invaded native territories.

Amanda also speaks briefly about a TABOO that most Canadians do NOT want to admit, namely that the Government IMPOSED - and THE CHURCH ENFORCED on indigenous Canadian children - a carefully designed premeditated system for self-perpetuating cultural genocide.

Stolen  from their own families, their native languages literally beaten and tortured out of them, their native spirituality sexually eviscerated from their innocent souls by Bible quoting Pedophiles, all in a Colonial inspired RACIST attempt to eradicate indigenous identity in Canada and create brown skinned imitation Europeans who are broken in every way conceivable instead, sexual molestation of native children by native adults was NEVER documented as EVER occurring in native communities before the residential school created entire generations of native children who were sexually molested by priests & nuns (primarily)...and who (as crime statistics show) often grow up to become abusers themselves unfortunately.

NATIVE ON NATIVE SEXUAL ABUSE WAS UNKNOWN IN NATIVE COMMUNITIES BEFORE RESIDENTIAL SCHOOLS
https://www.youtube.com/edit?video_id=PHksTSkcq6I

THE LAST RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL IN CANADA ONLY CLOSED IN 1996!
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4JVGvNbVzAI

MORE REVELATIONS ABOUT THE HORRORS OF THE CANADIAN RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL SYSTEM
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=at2GY8x-2bY

IF YOU WANT TO LEARN THE WHOLE TRUTH OF THE ABSOLUTELY EVIL  CANADIAN RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL SYSTEM WATCH THIS DOCUMENTARY
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0brD50DIv5Q

MORE ABOUT CANADA'S HIGHWAY OF TEARS
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vN_PhDsbu30

Amanda in her Tribal Link Project Access Training Program in New York City, at UNDP Headquarters

Amanda in her own Tribal Lands 

                                                           Amanda - the serious beauty

ROD LITTLE - ABORIGINAL ELDER, A FONT OF GRANDFATHERLY LOVE & WISDOM FROM A GENTLEMAN OF PRINCIPLES

 Proud Aborigine Rod Little of Australia (above & below), photos by Ghazali Ohorella



Rod Little is a big man - so I noticed him as soon as I entered the room, most Aboriginal men I have met at the United Nations have been giants compared to the average man alive today, all of them seem to be over 6 feet tall, for theirs has always been an ancient and mighty race, know to have been inhabiting Australia for at least 60,000 years - a time span that covers the period when Neanderthals still (and last) dominated in Europe!

However, Rod prefers to listen before he speaks, so he spent the greater part of the first day of his training absorbing information...but when he does decide to speak, everyone listens. Not just because you can sense the raw emotion and truth in all that he is saying...but for me it was like having the privilege of being in the presence of my maternal grandfather once again...and I did not want the moment to end (because my grandfather died when I was 6 years old and I never got to hear his words of wisdom growing up...not directly anyway...only through my mum and her siblings who faithfully repeated them to me and my siblings).

Rod has that Grandfatherly love and wise counsel countenance about him, and I had no idea that a movie about a true sad story of Australia's Aborigines - that I watched with my family and shed a tear over - was HIS family's story! I am talking about the critically acclaimed movie called 'Rabbit-Proof-Fence''. So it was a great honor to hear him talk about his aunts (whom the movie was about), yet saddening again to hear how white Australian nurses in the hospital in his elderly aunts final days were still referring to her.....an aboriginal grandmother for heavens sake - as 'that dirty black bitch'' (because they did not understand that she was asking to go to the bathroom in her own language and so they ignored her, and then blame her for the inevitable result of bodily movements when you are bedridden and too old to get up and go to relieve yourself on your own.

Our Aboriginal elder brother Rod Little (Co-Chair of the National Congress of Australia''s First Peoples) speaks briefly in the raw unedited clips below  about his own childhood trauma of being forcibly taken away from his family and sent to a Church run Mission residential school in Australia where abuse of Aboriginal children was rampant, yet he RETURNED to spend parts of the holiday (the one time each year these kids could get free of this nightmarish place and temporarily return to their families) to comfort those other Aboriginal children who had no family to go back to (because they were either all dead or whereabouts unknown). Only a true human being of noble character would do such a thing for the sake of others - and at such a young age - just a child himself - as well.

Rod was in New York attending the 16th Session of the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues at UN Headquarters, and he received a pre-UNPFII training course offered by the Tribal Link Foundation - called Project Access ....taught by  respected Indigenous Rights expert Andrea Carmen of the International Indian Treaty Council/IITC, and co-mentored by Ghazali Ohorella (Alifaru), Damon Corrie (Lokono-Arawak), Tai Pellicier (Taino-Arawak), and Victor Anthony Lopez-Carmen (Yaqui & Lakota).

ROD LITTLE OF AUSTRALIA SPEAKS ABOUT RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL ABUSES
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6Onb8pidmdI&t=1s


You should note that the famous and gut-wrenchingly sad documentary movie that was made about some Aboriginal victims of the Australian Residential School system - a movie called 'Rabbit-proof Fence' was actually made about Rods family.

ROD LITTLE OF AUSTRALIA SPEAKS ABOUT HIS AUNT'S MOTHER WHO''S SAD STORY WAS MADE INTO A FAMOUS MOVIE
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3Cq_X8gezlc




WATCH THE TRAILER FOR IT ON YOUTUBE HERE:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lbnk8wSVMaM

Monday, 29 May 2017

NEW - THE FORGOTTEN PRESENCE OF NATIVES FROM ALL OVER THE WESTERN HEMISPHERE IN HISTORICAL BARBADOS



 We lived in freedom and governed our own lands
Europeans came  pretending to be friends
 But they invaded & annexed our lands
 They conquered all they could
Then they tried to kill all they couldn't
But they could not kill all of us


HERE IS A MORE DETAILED READ:

Hunting North American Indians in Barbados
Patricia Penn Hilden
University of California, Berkeley
May, 2002

This is a story. It is an abbreviated story of a quest, one that is far from finished. It begins with my first meeting with the great Caribbean poet, Kamau Brathwaite, on a rainy night in Canterbury, England, where Brathwaite was giving the first of three T.S. Eliot Lectures. That night, I heard him sing and drum and chant the echoes of West Africa, sounds he had found in Barbados, sounds he had heard as a child but which he hadn't then recognized because of the opposing cacophony of "Lil' England" noise then prevalent in Bajan identity formation. 


As I listened, I found myself thinking two things: first, that the indigenous sounds of North America were similarly muted, and even silenced, in our own version of "Lil' Englandism", and second, that something in what he was doing recalled an Indian amongst that African sound. At that time, I only wondered, though I began to talk to Kamau about this idea as the years passed and our friendship grew.

Then I visited Kamau Brathwaite in Barbados and he took me to look for Indians, in this case, the Arawaks, who had "disappeared" almost immediately after the first contact with Europeans, their diseases and their guns. We sought a site around a point at Pico. Brathwaite has written of this place, in Barabajan Poems.


"Now, final, Bathsheba. But we must include the
whole wild Maroon coast from RiverBay right
round to Pico & the miracle of Cove the ancient
 Amerindian religious settlement, through Cattlewash.

 to Martin's Bay and congoRock  & Con-setts in the distance..."

We didn't find Pico that day, though I have been there since. It remains a sacred place, despite the depredations of artifact-hungry archaeologists, who have lifted as much as possible of the indigenous material history of the island and placed it inside the post-independence Barbados Museum, where it lies in a special room designated "prehistory", producing a "heritage" for contemporary Barbadians in a manner familiar in North America.

But despite this assignment of Arawaks to a "pre-European, pre-African past", I continued to find Indians in Barbados. I kept seeing "Indian" place names, hearing "Indian" sounds. I knew, of course, that Indian slaves had come from South America and from the Mexican coast. But I knew also that many thousands of North America's indigenous peoples had been captured and sold into slavery. 

In fact, near the end of the 17th century, the Wampanoag leader, Metacomet, known to the English as King Philip, had warned New England's tribal people: "these people from the unknown world will cut down our groves, spoil our hunting and planting grounds, and drive us and our children from the graves of our parents and our council fires, and enslave our women and children." 

 I knew that tribal people had worked across the colonies, enslaved in households and workshops, on farms and in fisheries. I knew, too, that Indian slaves worked side by side with African slaves, constituting 1/3 of the slaves in early 18th century South Carolina, for example. Moreover, a handful of historians, Almon Lauber in 1913, followed by Caroline Foreman (1943) and Jack Forbes (1993), had argued that the trade in North American Indian slaves did not limit itself to the North American colonies or even to the trade between America and Europe. So I began to wonder if some North American Indians had not formed part of the slave population in Barbados and thus possibly provided the sources for the place names - "Indian Pond," "Indian Ground," "Indian Corner" - that dot the Barbados landscape. My quest had begun.

I started in the National Archives of Barbados, looking first, rather randomly, through late 17th century records. I quickly discovered that all the myriad - and hopeless - efforts to regulate and control slave rebellion referred consistently to "African and other slaves". But I knew that Indian slaves had also been brought from Guyana and from Venezuela, so these could well have been the "others" referred to. Then I came across the following act, dated June 1676:

            "Act to Prohibit the Bringing of Indian Slaves to this Island"
"This Act is passed to prevent the bringing of Indian slaves and as well to send away and transport those already brought to this island from New England and the adjacent colonies, being thought a people of too subtle, bloody and dangerous inclination to be and remain here....."


So there I had it: clear evidence that North America Indian people had indeed worked in Barbados's sugar plantation world. I then took up Richard Hall's Acts Passed in the Island of Barbados from 1643-1762.3 Here, too, were the tantalizing suggestions hidden in the language of more efforts to halt or prevent rebellion. I have time to read only a few:
27 October 1692: "An Act for the encouragement of all Negroes and other slaves that shall discover any conspiracy..."


----------------------: "An Act for prohibiting sale of rum or other strong liquor to any Negro or other Slave..."
----------------------: "An Act for the encouragement of such Negroes and other slaves that shall behave themselves courageously against the enemy in time of invasions (manumitted if two white men proved that they killed an enemy)..."


And even more specific wording:
6 January 1708: "An Act to prevent the vessels that trade here, to and from Martinico or elsewhere, from carrying off any Negro, Indian, or Mulattoe slaves...."


11 November 1731: "Act for amending an Act...entitled 'Act for the Governing of Negroes and for providing a proper maintenance and support for such Negroes, Indians, or Mulattoes as hereafter shall be manumitted or set free...."


Then a diversion. I encountered the only person who had then written about Indian slavery in Barbados, Jerome Handler. In 1968 he had written about the 1676 law but, knowing nothing of the history of North American Indian slavery, had reached different conclusions. Handler argued that North American natives formed only a minuscule, and therefore insignificant, number of Barbadian slaves. All the geographical references to "Indians", he insisted, referred only to Caribs or Arawaks, or to Indians brought from South America or the other Caribbean islands. "By the end of the first few decades of the eighteenth century," Handler wrote, there are few traces of [North American Indians] existing as a distinctive sub-cultural group."


But "traces," I knew, are more significant than Handler allowed. Stubbornly, I went on looking.

There were words, and here are a few:

At the beginning of the 18th century, in a South Carolina peopled by Indians, Africans, and Europeans, where Charleston formed the heart of the bustling North American-Caribbean slave trade, "mustee" meant people born of all three. In 1770, another word. In Scotland a Society of Gentlemen offered this definition of "mulatto" in their Encyclopedia Britannica: or a Dictionary of Arts and Sciences: "Mulatto: a name given in the Indies to those who are begotten by a Negro man on an Indian woman, or an Indian man on a Negro woman."


At the same time, North American colonial history was replete with references to Indians captured and sold into the slave trade, references often riddled with stereotypes born, as we shall see below, from the first moments of African Indian slavery. James Axtell, a noted scholar of the colonial era, offered a typical version of events: "The English incited 'civil' war between the tribes....[then] rewarded one side for producing Indian slaves who were then sold to the West Indies, often for more biddable black slaves."

 Axtell's absurd assertion, that "black slaves" were more desirable because more tractable, is repeated across United States history. Here is Yasuhide Kawashima, writing of Pequot warriors captured after escaping the Puritans' genocidal attempt to exterminate their people in the 1630s.7 After capture, they were "sold to the West Indies in exchange for more docile Blacks who became the first Negro slaves in New England." There are others like these two, purveying the same general idea, though with varying degrees of bigotry.

How did this stereotype of willing Black slaves and rebellious Indian slaves arise? Mason Wade offers a clue: "The French...at Biloxi and New Orleans attempted to use Indian slaves to work the tobacco plantations but these ran away and it was decided to import Blacks from the French West Indies."

Of course. Indians could run away - to their own tribes, to other Indians, to escaped Black slaves in the many maroon communities that soon grew up wherever there was African slavery. So long as they were home, Indians knew where they were - much better than any European, as the records of Indian rescues of witless Europeans attest. Rather than trading boatloads of rebellious Indians for cargoes of "biddable" Africans, it is surely more likely that the English - in New England, Virginia, Barbados, and elsewhere - rounded up and exported any leaders or fomenters of rebellions, whether African or Indian. Removed from whatever place and community they knew, they were perhaps more easily subdued, more easily reduced to a state of hopeless exhaustion characteristic of any dislocated, enslaved peoples. (But it should be reiterated here that the laws of the Barbados Assembly testify eloquently to the constancy with which enslaved peoples continued to rebel, to run.)


Still, some more recent histories take a different view. Jill Lepore's In the Name of War, which narrates the Europeans' version of King Philip's War, takes note of the exchange of African and Indian slaves without characterizing either as "tractable" or "biddable." Indeed, she links Nathaniel Saltonstall's Continuation of the State of New-England, together with an Account of the Intended Rebellion of the Negroes in the Barbados, published in London in 1676, to the simultaneous revolt of New England Indians. "Terrified English colonists in Barbadoes believed that the Africans had 'intended to murther all the white people there,' just as panicked English colonists in New England feared that the Indians had 'risen almost round the countrey.'" 

She concludes, "the parallels between the two uprisings were uncanny and profoundly disquieting." Moreover, Governor Berkeley of Virginia complained in that same year that "the New England Indian infection had spread." And Barbados's panicky governor, Jonathan Atkins, had sent a similar warning to London shortly before: "the ships from New England still bring advice of burning, killing, and destroying daily done by the Indians and the infection extends as far as Maryland and Virginia."

So there is some hope for the overturning of this canard. Still, this stereotype, once spread through the colonies, continued for a long time to "justify" the importation of vast numbers of Africans to "replace" the "disappearing" Indians who were, of course, being sold for profit to the Caribbean. However scarce, Indians continued to be captured and sold to Barbados. After the 1670 founding of Charlestown by Sir John Colleton and his fellow Barbadians, dozens more landless Barbadians flocked to the area where they quickly replicated Barbados economic and social practices. Anthony MacFarlane tells us, "there was...an ominous sign that [Carolina] would eventually follow [Barbados's] path, in that the settlers took Indians as slaves, both for their own use and for export to the West Indies."

 As commodities on the slave market, Indians were quite valuable. In neighboring Virginia in that era, "a child was worth more than her weight in deerskins; a single adult slave was equal in value to the leather produced in 2 years of hunting...By the latter half of the 17th century, if not before," Joel Martin reports, "slavery was big business in Virginia, an important part of the English trading regime."

Marking the historical moments when the British sold captive Indians into the Caribbean slave trade is possible. Every single rebellion against the invaders, beginning with the first organized resistance to the Virginians at the beginning of the 17th century and continuing through the Pequot genocide (1630s), and Metacom's Rebellion (1675-76), produced Indian slaves for the Caribbean trade. The slave trade was extensive. There is room here for only a few examples. 

The Carolinians waged a long struggle with Spain in Florida, the fruits of which were often captive Indians. Between 1702 and 1707, thousands of missionized Indians - already trained into docility and servitude - were sold into the Caribbean. The next year, Englishmen in the Carolinas seized between 10,000 and 12,000 more Christianized Indians and quickly dispatched them to slave islands in the West Indies. 

The Tuscaroras and Yamassees were so afflicted by these English colonial practices that both nations went to war to try to stop it. Both paid a heavy price, though the Tuscaroras survived. When they inevitably lost their 1711 war, the entire surviving population managed to flee north where they found refuge with the five nations of the powerful Iroquois Confederacy, ultimately surviving as the sixth nation of a confederation that continues today. 

The Yamassees, some of whom were part of the missionized Indians captured earlier, waged a long war against this slave trade, a war that lasted from 1715-28. They paid the ultimate price, their defeat signaling the virtual disappearance of the Yamassee nation though some survivors fled to other nations or to one of the hundreds of maroon communities across southeastern North America. A few years later, the defeat of the great pan-Indian rebellion of 1736-66, led by the famous war chief Pontiac, sent still more Indians on their way to Caribbean cane houses and cane fields. And from all the other invaded regions of North America came more rebellions, more slaves.

All the years between these markers, all over North America, slave raids and violent conflict produced humans for sale. The "Plantation Records" of the Barbados Museum and Historical Society carry these few documentary fragments. In 1630, John Winthrop sold an Indian to John Mainford of Barbadoes. Two decades later, Richard Ligon visited the island and recorded his "true and exact history", published upon his return to London in 1657.  Ligon recorded many encounters with "Indian" slaves, many working in the houses of his hosts. One woman taught him how to make corn pone by "scaring it very fine (and it will fall out as fine as the finest wheat-flower in England....)."  Indian men slaves made "perino", a drink "for their own drinking...made of Cassavy root, which I told you is a strong poyson; and this they cause their old wives, who have a small remainder of teeth, to chaw and spit out into water...." 

Ligon liked the Indians he met. He remarked, "As for the Indians, we have but few, and those fetcht from other Countries;...which we make slaves; the women who are better vers'd in ordering the Cassavie and making bread then (sic) the Negroes, we imploy for that purpose, as also for making Mobbie: the men we use for footmen and killing of fish, which they are good at; with their own bowes and arrows they will go out; and in a dayes time, kill as much fish as will serve a family of a dozen persons two or three dayes....They are very active men, and apt to learn anything sooner than the Negroes....they are much craftier and subtler then the Negroes; and in their nature falser; but in their bodies more active..."
Of course generations of African diaspora scholars have demolished this kind of reading of the behavior of African slaves - wiser than the Indians in not leaping to do the bidding of owners and far "subtler" in keeping their attitudes to themselves. But that Ligon so admired these Indians suggests the extent to which the Barbadian plantocracy shared these views and was anxious to accumulate more such people.

Shortly after Ligon's return home, the Barbados Museum records tell us, a large number of Narragansetts from Connecticut were sold to Barbados. In 1668, at least one Indian slave was sent from Boston to the island while in 1700, a "big sale" of Indians from North America to the West Indies occurred. A year later, in 1701, Acolapissa Indian captives were sold by Virginians into the Caribbean.

The early 18th century saw no end to this trade though the bulk of the market may have begun to shift to the French speaking Caribbean as the British continued their conquest westward and as the French continued to use the slave trade's profits to support their war efforts.  In 1729 the Louisiana French, together with their Choctaw allies, put an end to constant Natchez Indian revolts, capturing the Natchez war leader, Great Sun, plus some 480 others, and selling them all to the West Indies. The capture and sale of Natchez people to the islands continued until, one historian notes bleakly, by 1742 "the Natchez tribe had virtually disappeared."

Small little markers - ephemeral traces - but signs nonetheless of a vast dislocation, a terrible colonial "trail of tears" as later forced removals came to be known. Indians slaves were useful; Indians slaves were profitable; Indian slaves left behind land for the Europeans to steal.

----------------------

The quest continues, and there isn't time to narrate the further fragments I have found. But it is clear to me now that Indian voices, muted, mixed in the "Negroe, Indian, and Mulattoe" slave worlds of the 17th and 18th centuries, form an as yet little heard chorus, mixed into the complicated sounds of Barbados that Kamau Brathwaite has given that nation and the world. Even as I listened to Kamau sing us the drumming sounds of Mile and a Quarter that drizzly night in Canterbury, I really did hear, too, the softer sounds audible nearby at "Indian Groun(d)" (now a Seventh Day Adventist Church), these the sounds of the houmfort, the tonelle, the music of his Great Uncle Bob'ob the Ogoun (and the sounds of prejudice: "white man better than red man better than black man"). It was not a fantasy. Hearing Brathwaite, I was hearing our Indian sounds, too, the drumming, the sounds of moccasined feet dancing the earth.


============

The extent of the trade in North American Indians that I and others are beginning to document becomes clearer with each foray into the archives. And increasingly the question becomes why the silence? I think there are two basic reasons. First, the overculture silence is easily explained by the fact that its historians never want to come to terms with a bloody and terrible past. 


The acknowledgment of African slavery by  U.S. historians took decades of struggle by African American scholars and activists. That the indigenous genocide hidden behind all United States history has yet to be recognized is, like the issue of Indian slavery, due to the powerlessness of indigenous peoples and - it must be said - to their own reluctance. 

The trade in Indian slaves was profitable both to whites and to Indians, and in many cases, the capture and sale would never have reached the extent it did without the active participation of indigenous people themselves. In a time when indigenous peoples are struggling to re-write their own histories, tell their own stories, interpret their own literatures in their own indigenous ways, research not surprisingly focuses less on the painful histories of collaboration and inter-tribal warfare and more on resistance and struggle. But the whole story, the entire past, matters - to all of us. And so this work must be done. 

Beyond the enriching of Native America's own history, as well as that of the overculture, there are other implications buried within this quest. Here, too, scholars of the African diaspora have given us a crucial lead, and we must follow it. A few examples only. As Judith Carney has painstakingly recorded the African roots of southern rice production, so Indian scholars must add the Indian roots of that same agriculture. 

As Michael Gomez has shown us with precision the African origins of southern slaves, so we must try to track our own peoples as they disappeared into the vast maw of the West Indian slave markets. As Kamau Brathwaite has recorded the African cultural roots of Bajan identity, so we must add the North American Indian contribution - to the Bajan world, as well as to the world across the Caribbean. It is time, as I realize again every time I am swamped by invitations to come to Jamaica, to the Dominican Republic, to Haiti, to Martinique and Guadeloupe, to Cuba, and back to Barbados whenever I speak of this work. Women I meet tell me that their old grannies have always told the grandchildren that they were Indian as well as African. They want me to come tell these ladies that this is so and why before their grannies die. Others - Caribbean people now living in the United States - recount similar family stories, tales that always before seemed preposterous to many of their hearers, or tales that many argued linked people of African descent only to the Arawaks or Caribs but never, ever to North American Indians.

But perhaps it is more than this. Perhaps for us indigenous scholars, it is just now, at last, time. In the words of Haitian scholar Michel-Rolph Trouillot:
"At some stage, for reasons that are themselves historical, most often spurred by controversy, collectivities experience the need to impose a test of credibility on certain events and narratives because it matters to them whether these events are true or false, whether these stories are fact or fiction."


...........................................................................................................................................

YET OUR PEOPLES ARE NOT EXTINCT - WE HAVE SURVIVED TO THIS DAY AFTER 500 YEARS OF GENOCIDE! 


                                           Above and below Nepuyo & Kalinago in Trinidad

                                                Above and below - Kalinagos in Dominica

                                                         Tainos in Jamaica (above)
                                            Above and below - Kalinagos in Saint Vincent

                                         Above - me with two Taino women in Baracoa Cuba

                          Above and below - some of the 100 Lokono-Arawaks in Barbados

                                                 Above and below - Tainos in Puerto Rico


THE TRAGIC TRUE STORY OF HATUEY - GREAT TAINO WAR CHIEF (WHOM FIDEL CASTRO MADE THE FIRST NATIONAL HERO OF CUBA) - IS THE STORY OF ALL NATIVE PEOPLE OF THE CARIBBEAN 
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YaPLzJYNitA